Published online 6 september 2011 in wiley online library. Flaws in the design, conduct, analysis, and reporting of randomised trials can cause the effect of an intervention to be underestimated or overestimated. Julian pt higgins and douglas g altman on behalf of the cochrane. Abstract healthcare providers, consumers, researchers and policy makers are inundated with unmanageable amounts of information, including evidence from healthcare research. The cochrane collaborations tool for assessing risk of. The cochrane book series imprint, as higgins jpt, green s editors. This handbook outlines in detail cochranes methods for conducting. A judgment of unclear risk should also be made if what happened in the trial is known but. It has become impossible for all to have the time and resources to read more. Detailed criteria for making judgments about the risk of bias from each of the items in the tool are available in the cochrane handbook. Higgins and sally green, editors, research synthesis methods on deepdyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips. To assess the usability of this tool, we conducted an evaluation by means of focus groups, online surveys and a. The development of w ebbased platforms such as covidence, eppi. Thecochranecollaborationstoolforassessingrisk ofbiasinrandomisedtrials openaccess flaws in the design, conduct, analysis, and reporting of randomised trials can cause the effect of.
The cochrane collaboration, 2011 journalbooksource available from. It can also be obtained as a pdf file, free of charge, for members of the cochrane. Edited by denise oconnor, sally green and julian pt higgins. The cochrane collaborations tool for assessing risk of bias in.
Cochrane book series edited by julian pt higgins and sally green. The cochrane collaborations tool for assessing risk of bias aims to make the process clearer and more accurate. Relevant urls fulltext if available the fulltext of this handbook is freely available from. The cochrane collaborations tool for assessing risk of bias in randomised trials. Jacqueline chandler 3, miranda cumpston 4,5, tianjing li 6, matthew page 4, vivian welch 7.
The cochrane collaboration recommends a specific tool for assessing risk of bias. The cochrane collaborations tool for assessing risk of bias. Impairments in cognitive function, particularly memory, are common in people with multiple sclerosis ms and can potentially affect their ability to complete functional activi. Dec 24, 2011 higgins jpt, altman dg, sterne jac on behalf of the cochrane statistical methods group and the cochrane bias methods group 2011 chapter 8. The risk of bias rob tool is based on narrative descriptions of evidencebased methodological features known to increase the risk of bias in trials.895 901 33 15 274 636 1035 69 487 326 330 826 144 559 1 1334 1465 1032 254 94 1070 187 93 1127 938 1181 680 201 1184 1322 638